Archive for the ‘philosophy’ Category
Men are as forgetful and heedless in their waking moments of what is going on around them as they are during their sleep. Fools, although they hear, are like deaf; to them the adage applies that whenever they are present they are absent. One should not act or speak as if he were asleep. The waking have one world in common; sleepers have each a private world of his own. Whatever we see when awake is death, when asleep, dreams.
Wakefulness is the way to life. The fool sleeps as if he were already dead, but the master is awake and he lives forever. He watches. He is clear. How happy he is! For he sees that wakefulness is life. How happy he is, following the path of the awakened. With great perseverance he meditates, seeking freedom and happiness. – from the Dhammapada of Gautama Siddhartha (Buddha)
Leaders in Europe and America have to take out dusty books of philosophy and check why Socrates and his ideas are still valid today:
- They’ve Never Been Rendered Obsolete
- He Taught Us to Question Everything
- He Taught Us That Life is Worthless Without Happiness
- He Taught Us to Ask if There’s Such a Thing as a Just War
- He Advocated True Freedom of Speech
- He Invented Philosophical Ethics
- He Was a Champion of Human Virtue
- He Warned Us of the Follies of Materialism
- He Taught Us the Value of Civil Disobedience
- He Taught Us to Stand Up For What We Believe
Brave bystanders lift a burning car and save a man trapped beneath.
Flight passenger leaps onto a burning man to prevent him from detonating explosives.
As the train arrives, a 50-year-old man jumps on subway tracks to save a youth.
These men/women were ordinary people who decided in an instant to do something heroic.
Dr. Zimbardo thinks everyone can be a hero.
- chooses not to watch-and-wait in face of crisis.
- puts compassion into action by helping someone in need.
- decides to speak against injustice, instead of assuming someone else will.
- supports the causes that matter to him/her, without expecting rewards.
Philosopher/scholar Adler categorized freedom as:
- acquired state of mind
- self-determination: to determine — not necessarily carry-out — wishes/actions in life
Gandhi thought, “freedom isn’t worth having if it doesn’t connote freedom to err.”
In modern China/world, freedom is “fusion of personal, national, social, civic, and moral freedoms” or “liberation, self-development, independent personality/responsibility, democracy/human-rights, spiritual-cultural necessity, privacy, autonomy/self-mastery.
Which is nearer, name or self? Which is dearer, self or wealth? Which gives more pain, loss or gain? All you grasp will be thrown away. All you hoard will be utterly lost. Contentment keeps disgrace away. Restraint keeps you out of danger so you can go on for a long, long time.
Heaven will last, earth will endure. How can they last long? They don’t exist for themselves and so can go on and on. So wise souls leaving self behind move forward, and setting self aside stay centered. Why let the self go? To keep what the soul needs.